The atrium is a square courtyard without verso roof, and was roofless for most of its career

Fabric [ ]

The atrium is entered through the remains of per portico, created from the original walkway to the palace ramp by the insertion of per blocking wall sicuro the right of the portal which abuts one of the brick arcade piers.

However, from the mid 9th puro the mid 11th centuries it was per monastic church durante its own right and was roofed. The church dedication then was esatto St Anthony of Egypt. The massive central brick pier which used sicuro support the roof was removed con the 1902 excavation.

Two rectangular statue niches flank the inside of the entrance, and a series of alternately rectangular and apsidal niches occupied the side walls. However those on the left used preciso include two exits sicuro cloison-chambers under the palace ramp, but these were blocked up when the church was in use. Durante contrast, when the atrium was verso monastic church two passages were cut through niches mediante the right hand wall onesto allow direct access to the monastic quarters mediante the hall next door.

Before becoming a church mediante the 9th century, the atrium was the monastery’s graveyard and the yard surface was packed with graves. Some loculi or pesante-slots were cut into the walls, and also into the walls of the portico outside.

Atrium frescoes [ ]

The frescoes con the atrium are femmina singola Serbian of five periods. One attuale each survives from Pope John VII (705-7) and Pope Paul I (757-767). Some are of the remodelling of Pope Adrian I (772-795), and others are of the 10th and 11th centuries. The latter are the latest that you will find during your visit, and were painted just before the final abandonment in the mid 11th century.

  • The niche puro the right of the portal depicted three female martyrs; SS Agnes and Cecilia have been identified. (Pope Adrian.)
  • On the right hand side wall near the corner was originally a Vergine and Child with Four Saints, being venerated by Pope Adrian. He was depicted with per square halo, indicating that he was still alive when the rete informatica was painted. This giovane was detached and was kept in the right hand side aisle of the church before the recent restoration -it is liable to stay there, out of the weather. The original location was above per recente simili of hanging curtains (there is more of this sopra the church). (Pope Adrian.)
  • Christ per Majesty, with verso suppliant. (11th century.)
  • Two saints (11th century). They were painted over two grave loculi cut into the wall.
  • Monastery passage. This was cut through the wall mediante the 10th century, and frescoed with saints on its walls and ceiling. The cycle continued onto the internal wall of the atrio beyond, which was the actual monastery at the time. (10th century.)
  • Per bishop. (Pope Adrian.)
  • The far left hand apsidal niche was per shrine puro St Cyrus of Alexandria. He was verso martyred doctor of medicine, venerated with his fellow sufferer John as SS Cyrus and John (see their Roman church of Santa Passera). Beware of his being called “St Abbacyrus” -“Abba” is a Coptic honorific. Sopra the giovane he holds medical equipment, and has verso cavity mediante the niche sill which was either for verso lamp or contained verso venerated relic associated with him. (Pope Paul.)
  • Above the shrine: Christ Accompanied by SS Cyrus and John (10th century.)
  • Verso depiction of St Anthony of Egypt, with per Latin text: “Where St Anthony is assaulted by demons” (Webb 2001). Animals and birds were depicted below. (10th century.)